Joe Biden, elected 46th president of the United States of America, is preparing to take his place at the helm of the White House, where he will officially take office on January 20, 2021.
In the meantime, however, already in this transition phase that follows an electoral campaign with harsh and harsh tones, the auto industry, one of the central sectors for the American economy, is wondering what will change with the arrival of the new president. As for former President Donald Trump, also for the Democrat Biden, the auto sector is considered fundamental for the future of the States, and it could not be otherwise for a country that for decades has confirmed itself as one of the major producers and among the largest consumers of cars.
Emission limits and incentives for electric cars
One of Biden’s first turning points that will directly or indirectly affect the auto industry will be the environmentalist one. Compared to Trump, who during his presidential term has always “underestimated” the issue of climate change and polluting emissions, Biden will have a different approach, promoting “green” policies. For example, the “ Clean Air Act ”, a provision introduced by the Obama administration, which imposes restrictive limits on emissions, could come into force again. Limits that Trump, following the request made above all by some national manufacturers, has significantly reduced.
Biden’s America will therefore be more environmentalist than Trump’s, with the declared intention of the new president to commit immediately to bring the United States back into the Paris Agreement on climate change, hence the USA, the first country in the world to do so, they formally exited under Trump’s leadership.
The green policies for the automotive sector of the new president of the States will presumably also pass from a financing plan of 500 billion dollars a year to promote clean energy and electric vehicles, in order to halve the consumption of fossil fuels. As reported on his electoral program, in concrete Biden wants to convert diesel-powered service vehicles, such as school buses, into electric vehicles, and to refinance incentives for the purchase of electric cars, also reactivating bonuses for scrapping.
Less protectionism, more innovation, and a stop to the trade war with China
Another aspect on which important changes are expected is that relating to trade policies, with a strong attenuation of the protectionism implemented by Trump during his mandate in which he slowed the relocation of North American manufacturers to the countries of South America, where the costs of production are significantly lower, and has imposed a tariff plan on imports to reduce production abroad and set up a trade war with other countries, all over China.
Biden will aim to reconnect the threads of dialogue with China, trying to bring political and commercial relations back to a new level of collaboration. After all, China is also a fundamental country for American car manufacturers, both in terms of production and market. This applies both to cars as a finished product, but also to electronic components, an increasingly decisive factor in the production of vehicles in the coming years.
Coexistence between national pride and innovation
As president Joe Biden will try to make the nationalist tradition coexist in the automotive with stars and stripes, with the concern to preserve the employment levels of the North American manufacturers, with a greater drive for innovation that inevitably passes from the promotion of alternative mobility and greater environmental sensitivity compared to that which characterized the United States during the four years of Trump’s presidency.